The moon, that satellite who every night watches over us. Some people think it has woman face and "she" smiles us sweetly. You can judge it at the end of this post.
In any case, the moon is a brilliant object that catches the attention of the men since ancient times.
One of the problems of the lunar photography is the high dynamic range. The moon is a very brilliant over a dark background. It usually is the most brilliant object in the scene. It's very difficult to expose correctly the moon and other objects in the same frame. Probably we'll have to choose between the moon or the rest (or shooting at earlier hours, when there is some light yet). Other option is the post-processing.
With a telephoto lens, I like view the details of the popular satellite. With a 300mm lens, a tripod and a camera with 10 Mpx or more, you can obtain beautiful pictures of the moon.
What are the perfect parameters to shooting the moon? I don't know the answer, but I can show us some pictures with different parameters.
|300mm, ISO 100, f/14, 1/30sec.|
|300mm, ISO 100, f/16, 1/30sec.|
|300mm, ISO 100, f/18, 1/30sec.|
|300mm, ISO 200, f/13, 1/125sec.|
After take the picture, I've touched the tone curve. Because of it, the three first images are similar with different F-numbers.
In summary, you must use fast shooting speeds, because the moon moves fast. The focus and a well fixed tripod are the keys for a sharp result. I recommend use a remote trigger and the mode "mirror up". If you have a focal length of 300mm or less, probably you should crop the picture, so the resolution is important in this case.
Notice all this pictures were taken with manual focus. The depth of field decreases with the aperture, but the amount of light decreases when the aperture also decreases (with a exposure time constant). With a large depth of field to put the moon in focus is easier, but the we'll have less amount of light and we could have problems with the diffraction.
The moon, that satellite who every night watches over us and catches the attention of all the men, also photographers included.